Merle is a genetic pattern that can be in a dog’s coat. … The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well. There are two general types of colored patches that will appear in a merle coat: liver (red merle) and black (blue merle).
How do dogs become Merle?
The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M< allele. All merle dogs have the genotype Mm — meaning they have one allele for merle and one allele for non-merle. All non-merles are mm.
Are Merle dogs healthy?
Yes – merle dogs can be just as healthy as dogs that have a solid color. They have the same life expectancy, they are just as strong and athletic and smart as their counterparts without the merle gene. In lines with responsible merle breedings, all offspring will be healthy and live a long life.
How do I know if my dog is double Merle?
However, some dogs will appear with the coat pattern of a normal merle (Mm), making it harder to determine if they are actually double merles. Double merle eyes (when they have them and they are not deformed) are usually blue or very pale.
Why are Merle dogs expensive?
Why are merle dogs so expensive? In a nutshell, merle dogs are expensive because puppy buyers are willing to pay a lot of money for them. The pattern is very sought-after, and the more demand there is, the higher breeders can set their prices. In addition, merle breedings can be quite rare in some breeds.
Do Merle dogs have more health problems?
Health issues are more typical and more severe when two merles are bred together, so it is recommended that a merle be bred with a non-merle dog of any other color.
What color is Merle in a dog?
English: Merle is a colour combination in dogs’ coats. It is a solid base color (usually red/brown or black) with lighter blue/gray or reddish patches, which gives a mottled or uneven speckled effect.
Is Merle a defect?
An autosomal, incompletely dominant trait, merle coat coloring predisposes dogs to inherited deafness. When inherited in the homozygous state, the merle mutation causes dogs to be white and have an even greater incidence of deafness, blindness and sterility.
Is the Merle gene bad?
The merle gene is not a defect and in fact, in some breeds, merle is included in the breed standard and is a recognized color. You will even see merle dogs of some breeds in the show ring if merle is naturally occurring within the breed and has not been introduced via cross-breeding.
Why is double Merle bad?
Double Merle dogs are highly likely to suffer from hearing and vision impairments and in some cases complete blindness and deafness. Deafness and hearing impairment happens due to lack of hair pigment produced in the inner ear. Double Merles can also be blind or have vision problems due to congenital eye defects.
What is the difference between Brindle and Merle?
Brindle is a coat pattern and not a color, and has a wild-type allele which is the product of at least two recessive genes and is rare. … Merle and black are dominant genes. A blue merle has two blue genes as well as one merle but can carry others as well. Read more on Brindle.
What is a Phantom Merle?
A cryptic or phantom merle is a dog which phenotypically appears to be a non-merle (solid-colored) or a dog that has very faint patches of merle that can go unnoticed. Animals that do not present the merle phenotype may possess the merle genotype and subsequently produce merle offspring.
What does a double Merle look like?
In a double merle, the marbling/lightening effect is doubled and the coat becomes predominantly white. Double merles also have a very high chance of being deaf, blind, or both because they lack pigment where it would normally be.
How much do Merle bullies cost?
HOW MUCH DOES A QUALITY AMERICAN BULLY COST? Unfortunately, the answer isn’t that simple. Prices on average run anywhere from $2500 to $5000, although they can be below or above that range. Quality bloodlines and “bullier” dogs can sometimes cost more than this.
What are Merle bullies worth?
On average, top of the line merle Pitbulls can cost from $15,000 to $30,000. They cost double and even triple the usual price of non-merle Pitbulls. Usually, kennels sell their puppies by picks.
What is the most expensive dog in the world?
The Tibetan Mastiff officially became the world’s most expensive dog when a Chinese businessman bought an 11-month-old red mastiff named “Big Splash” for $1.6 million during a luxury pet fair.