What are the usual signs of the condition? Young adult dogs are often affected and have chronic diarrhea or very soft, bulky, fatty looking feces, excessive appetites, occasional vomiting, and gradual weight loss over a period of months.
What is the most common cause of EPI in dogs?
The most common cause of EPI in dogs is pancreatic acinar atrophy. The severity of this condition ranges from subclinical disease to a complete absence of secretory capacity. 2 Pancreatic acinar atrophy is thought to be an immune-mediated condition that begins with lymphocytic pancreatitis.
When do dogs start EPI?
EPI can occur in dogs of any age, but signs are usually first seen between six months and six years of age (Hall et al., 2003).
How can I treat my dogs EPI at home?
Animals diagnosed with EPI need to be fed small, frequent meals daily (two to three times a day at first), which contain a powdered digestive enzyme replacement. Replacements are also available in pill form that can be given about a half-hour before a meal.
How much does it cost to test for EPI in dogs?
Cost of Pancreatic Enzyme Replacement in Dogs
The initial cost of tests and diagnosis of EPI can cost $150 to $300. The cost of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy varies widely depending on the dosage required.
What can I give my dog for EPI?
Most dogs and cats with EPI can be successfully treated by dietary supplementation with pancreatic enzymes. Dried extracts of bovine or porcine pancreas are available (e.g., Viokase® or Pancrezyme®).
How can I help my dog with EPI?
Highly digestible, low fat diets together with pancreatic enzyme replacement (Viokase®, Pancreazyme®, Pank-Aid) will usually stabilize the condition. Cobalamin (vitamin B12) supplementation may be considered by your veterinarian when hypocobalaminemia is documented. Treatment is usually for the rest of the dog’s life.
Do dogs vomit with EPI?
Dogs and cats with EPI due to other causes are usually middle-aged to older and can be of any breed. Clinical signs most commonly reported are polyphagia, weight loss, and loose stools. Vomiting and anorexia are observed in some patients and may be a sign of concurrent conditions rather than EPI itself.
Do Dogs with EPI always have diarrhea?
Dogs with EPI have profuse diarrhea. The bowel movements are often malodorous. Borborygmus and flatulence are common. These animals will have a ravenous appetite yet continue to lose weight.
Is Epi an autoimmune disease in dogs?
In dogs, EPI is usually the consequence of an autoimmune disease known as pancreatic acinar atrophy.
Are dogs with EPI always hungry?
Even though your dog may be constantly eating, he is getting no nourishment at all from the food. Due to the lack of cellular functioning within the pancreas to produce enzymes to break down your dog’s food for absorption, your dog risks starving. This condition is known as exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
Is yogurt good for EPI?
On the EPI Menu: Breakfast
Other choices include fruit with protein-rich Greek yogurt or whole-grain cereal with low-fat milk, almond milk, or rice milk. If you drink tea or coffee with cream, choose nonfat milk instead.
Does Epi shorten your life?
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough enzymes to break down food. Enzyme supplements can treat EPI. People with EPI have higher rates of cancer, heart disease, and malnutrition, which can affect life expectancy.
What foods should you avoid with EPI?
Taking enzyme supplements allows most people with EPI to eat a diet with normal, healthy fat levels. When choosing meals, remember not all fats are created equal. Make sure you’re getting enough essential fats. Avoid highly processed foods and those high in trans fat, hydrogenated oils, and saturated fat.
How do I know if my dog has an enzyme deficiency?
Symptoms may include chronic diarrhea; weight loss despite a normal or increased appetite; frequent or greater volume of stool and gas; and coprophagia, a condition which causes an animal to eat its own stool.
What do you feed a dog with malabsorption syndrome?
Treatment of Intestinal Malabsorption in Dogs
Tylosin, oxytetracycline, and metronidazole are the common choices for antibiotics; in addition, changes in your pet’s diet will be necessary. Adding to your dog’s diet with live cultured yogurt products and probiotics can greatly assist your pet’s condition.