Domestic animals, like dogs and cats, are responsible for most animal bites. While dogs cause more bite injuries, cat bites are more likely to become infected. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, infection occurs in about 10 to 15 percent of dog bites and up to 50 percent of cat bites.
What percentage of dog bites become infected?
Only 15 to 20 percent of dog bite wounds become infected. Crush injuries, puncture wounds and hand wounds are more likely to become infected than scratches or tears.
Do all dog bites need antibiotics?
“You may need hospitalization and require intravenous antibiotics. You should always see a primary care provider if you’re bitten.” No matter what, make sure you see a doctor within eight hours of a dog bite, he says. Waiting longer raises your infection risk.
How long before a dog bite becomes infected?
After being bitten, most people who become ill will show symptoms within 3 to 5 days, but this can range anywhere from 1 to 14 days. Most Capnocytophaga infections usually occur with dog or cat bites.
Can small dog bites get infected?
If a dog bite pierces a person’s skin, bacteria from the animal’s mouth can get into the body, which can cause an infection. Washing the wound thoroughly can remove the bacteria from the body and help prevent infection. If the bacteria stay in the body, they can cause an infection, such as tetanus, rabies, or sepsis.
What an infected dog bite looks like?
Symptoms that may indicate infection include: swelling, redness, or pain that lasts more than 24 hours. pus that drains from your bite or wound. red streaks that run up your hand and arm.
Will an infected dog bite heal itself?
Dog bites to the face tend to be sutured, while those located on less noticeable parts of the body may be left to heal on their own. Sometimes, dog bite wounds need surgery to repair the wound if there is considerable skin damage or skin loss, or if there are associated injuries that need treatment.
What is best antibiotic for dog bite?
Infected animal bite wounds should be treated with an empiric antimicrobial agent, such as amoxicillin-clavulanate, that is active against both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. For intravenous therapy, ampicillin-sulbactam or piperacillin-tazobactam may be used.
Do I need to go to the doctor after a dog bite?
Wash the wound daily, and check it for signs of infection, including redness, swelling, warmth, a foul odor, or whitish-yellow discharge. Call 911 and seek emergency medical care if the victim is bleeding profusely from multiple wounds. Call a doctor if: Bleeding doesn’t stop after 15 minutes of pressure.
Should I take my child to the doctor for a dog bite?
Immediate medical care should be sought for more serious wounds and injuries, such as bites that: Have broken through the skin. Do not stop bleeding after applying direct pressure for 15 minutes.
How do I know if a bite is infected?
How to tell if an insect bite is infected
- wide area of redness around the bite.
- swelling around the bite.
- increasing pain.
- feeling of warmth around the bite.
- long red line extending out from the bite.
What infection can you get from a dog bite?
Dog bites can lead to staph infections and strep infections; both serious and potentially fatal conditions caused by staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria. Common symptoms include oozing blisters and boils, joint swelling, and fevers.
What is considered a serious dog bite?
Level 4: the dog bites once with punctures deeper than the length of the canine (the dog bit and clamped down) or the bite produces slashes in both directions from the puncture which indicates that the dog bit and shook his head. This type of bite is very serious.
What to do for a dog bite that breaks the skin?
- Wash the wound with soap and warm water.
- Gently press a clean cloth over the wound to stop the flow of blood.
- Apply an antibacterial ointment to the wound.
- Cover with a sterile bandage.
- Watch for signs of infection.
How do you tell if a dog wound is infected or healing?
Streaking – Red streaks either around or moving away from the wound are potential symptoms of an infection known as lymphangitis. Bad smell – A pungent odor from either the discharge or the wound itself is another common sign of an infected wound.